How to Ride a Motorcycle or Moped on Public Roads

How to Ride a Motorcycle or Moped on Public Roads
Buy provisional motorcycle licence


At full, we understand the excitement and freedom that comes with riding a motorcycle or moped on public roads. Whether you’re a seasoned rider or just starting out, it’s important to familiarize yourself with the rules and regulations to ensure a safe and enjoyable experience. In this comprehensive guide, we will provide you with all the necessary information to ride a motorcycle or moped on public roads, including licensing requirements on how to get a moped license UK, safety tips, and essential equipment.

Licensing Requirements

Before you hit the road on your motorcycle or moped, it’s crucial to ensure that you have the appropriate license. Here are the steps you need to follow:

  1. Compulsory Basic Training (CBT): In the United Kingdom, the first step towards obtaining a motorcycle or moped license is completing the CBT. This training helps you develop basic riding skills and understand the rules of the road. It consists of five different elements: introduction, practical on-site training, practical on-site riding, practical on-road training, and practical on-road riding.
  2. Provisional Motorcycle License: After completing the CBT, you can apply for a provisional motorcycle license. You must be at least 16 years old for a moped (up to 50cc and restricted to a maximum speed of 28mph) and 17 years old for a motorcycle (up to 125cc).
  3. Theory Test: Once you have your provisional license, you need to pass the motorcycle theory test. This test assesses your knowledge of traffic signs, rules of the road, and motorcycle-specific regulations.
  4. Practical Test: The final step is the practical riding test. It evaluates your ability to ride safely and confidently on public roads. It includes various elements such as an eyesight check, vehicle safety questions, and on-road riding.
  5. Full License: After successfully completing the practical test, you will be granted a full motorcycle or moped license UK, allowing you to ride on public roads without any restrictions.

Safety Tips for Riding

Ensuring your safety and the safety of others should always be a top priority when riding a motorcycle or moped. Here are some essential safety tips to keep in mind:

  1. Wear Protective Gear: Always wear a DOT-approved helmet to protect your head in case of an accident. Additionally, it is recommended to wear protective clothing such as a jacket, pants, gloves, and sturdy boots to minimize injuries.
  2. Perform Pre-Ride Checks: Before each ride, inspect your motorcycle or moped for any signs of damage or mechanical issues. Check the tires, brakes, lights, mirrors, and controls to ensure they are in proper working condition.
  3. Observe Traffic Laws: Adhere to all traffic laws and regulations, including speed limits, traffic signals, and road signs. Stay alert and be aware of your surroundings at all times.
  4. Maintain a Safe Distance: Keep a safe distance from other vehicles on the road, allowing you enough time and space to react to any sudden changes in traffic.
  5. Use Turn Signals: Always use your turn signals to indicate your intentions to other road users. Signaling in advance helps prevent accidents and allows others to anticipate your next move.
  6. Be Visible: Make yourself visible to other motorists by wearing brightly colored or reflective clothing. Use your headlights, even during the day, to increase your visibility.
  7. Practice Defensive Riding: Anticipate potential hazards and be prepared to react defensively. Watch out for distracted drivers, road obstacles, and changing road conditions.

Essential Equipment

Apart from protective gear, there are a few other pieces of equipment that are essential for safe motorcycle or moped riding:

  1. Mirrors: Ensure that your motorcycle or moped is equipped with properly adjusted mirrors that provide a clear view of the road behind you.
  2. Lights and Indicators: Check that all lights, including headlights, taillights, and indicators, are in working order. Proper lighting enhances visibility and helps other road users anticipate your movements.
  3. Horn: Your motorcycle or moped license UK should have a functioning horn that you can use to alert others of your presence in emergency situations.
  4. Tires: Inspect your tires regularly for proper tread depth and inflation. Worn-out tires can affect your grip on the road and increase the risk of accidents.
  5. Brakes: Ensure that your brakes are in excellent condition. Both the front and rear brakes should be responsive and provide adequate stopping power.

Understanding the Moped License Categories

In the UK, there are two main categories for moped licenses: AM and Q. The category you fall under depends on your age and the type of moped you wish to ride.

  • AM License: If you are 16 years or older, you can apply for an AM license, which allows you to ride mopeds with a maximum speed of 45 km/h (28 mph). This license is also known as a “moped license” and is commonly sought after by young riders.
  • Q License: For individuals who are 17 years or older, the Q license permits the operation of slightly more powerful mopeds with a maximum speed of 50 km/h (31 mph) or small motorcycles with an engine capacity of up to 125cc.

Meeting the Minimum Requirements

To be eligible for a moped license in the UK, you must meet the following minimum requirements:

  • Age: You must be at least 16 years old for an AM license and 17 years old for a Q license.
  • Compulsory Basic Training (CBT): Before applying for a moped license, you are required to complete CBT, which provides essential training and ensures you possess the necessary skills and knowledge to ride safely. The CBT course covers topics such as basic vehicle control, road awareness, and hazard perception.
  • Provisional Driving License: You will need a provisional driving license to apply for your moped license. This can be obtained by completing the D1 application form from the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency (DVLA) or applying online.

Practical and Theory Tests

Once you have met the minimum requirements and have your provisional driving license, you will need to pass both a theory test and a practical test.

  • Theory Test: The theory test assesses your knowledge of the Highway Code, traffic signs, and general road safety. It consists of multiple-choice questions and a hazard perception section, where you will watch video clips and identify potential hazards. Adequate preparation through study materials and online practice tests is highly recommended.
  • Practical Test: The practical test evaluates your riding skills on public roads. During the test, you will demonstrate your ability to handle the moped safely, navigate traffic, and execute various maneuvers. Practicing with an approved instructor and familiarizing yourself with the test route in your area can significantly increase your chances of success.

Applying for Your Moped License UK

After passing the theory and practical tests, you can apply for your moped license UK. Visit the official website of the DVLA or your local post office to complete the application process. You will need to provide your provisional driving license, pass certificate(s), and pay the appropriate fee.

Enjoying the Ride with Mope License UK

Once you receive your moped license, you are legally permitted to ride mopeds within the specified category. Remember to adhere to all traffic rules and regulations, wear appropriate safety gear, and continuously improve your riding skills through practice and further training courses. You can also get Practical Driving test passed certificates


Riding a motorcycle or moped on public roads can be an exhilarating experience, but it comes with responsibilities. By following the licensing requirements, prioritizing safety, and equipping yourself with the necessary knowledge and gear, you can enjoy the thrill of the open road while minimizing risks. Remember, safe riding practices and adherence to traffic regulations are crucial for your well-being and the well-being of others. So, gear up, stay informed, and ride responsibly.full motorbike licence uk

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